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Aucuba

Aucuba (Spotted laurel)

Aucubas are evergreen shrubs grown for their often variegated leaves. Aucubas have separate male and female plants. Male plants bears small purple flowers in spring, the females (if there is a male near) will display red berries in autumn. They a... more...


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Buddleia

Buddleia (Butterfly bush)

Buddleias are vigorous, deciduous shrubs renowned for their ability to attract butterflies and other wildlife to their flowers. They can often be seen colonising derelict sites. The flowers are born (usually) in long spikes on the arching stems. F... more...


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Camellia

Camellia

Camellias are evergreen shrubs grown for their magnificent display of large blooms throughout spring. Flowers can be single or double and in colours of red, pink and white, some varieties being striped or multi-coloured. The foliage is large and g... more...


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Cotinus (Smoke bush, Venetian sumach)

Cotinus are deciduous shrubs grown for their often brightly coloured foliage and unusual fluffy purple flowers which make the bush look like it is covered in smoke. Flowers are borne in mid to late summer. Cotinus requires a hot dry spot to flower... more...


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Dabeocia (Heather)

Daboecia are hardy evergreen heathers which display bright flowers in summer. They are compact plants growing to less that a foot (30cm) high. Flowers are usually in shades or purple, red and white. As with all heathers they look good planted in g... more...



Hebe

Hebes are a large group of evergreen shrubs. The most common varieties have large green or variegated leaves and lax spikes of flowers throughout summer. There are also dwarf and ground cover types which are grown largely for their colourful folia... more...



Lavandula

Lavandula (Lavender)

Lavandula, or Lavender are very well known small shrubs grown for their plentiful supply of flowers and scented foliage. Flowers are borne throughout summer in colours of blue, purple, pink or white. The flowers are highly attractive to bees and b... more...


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Magnolia liliiflora 'Nigra'

Magnolia liliiflora 'Nigra' (Lily magnolia)

Magnolias liliiflora 'Nigra' is a small tree grown for it's free flowering nature. It bears tulip-shaped wine-purple flowers from mid-spring to mid-summer. Magnolias like any soil which is not too dry and and too chalky. Add compost when planting ... more...



Pittosporum

Pittosporums are evergreen, mostly tender shrubs grown for their foliage which is light green in the species but may be purple, silver, gold or variegated in cultivated varieties. Mature plants may display purple of brown fragrant flowers in spri... more...



Rosa (Rose)

Rosa, or the rose, has to be one of the best known and best loved shrubs. They vary in form from compact bushes to scrambling climbers. Roses are available in almost every colour from white through red, pink and yellow. Just about the only colour ... more...



Syringa

Syringa (Lilac)

Syringas are shrubs and small trees bearing heads of pink or purple flowers usually in late spring and early summer. The flowers are often scented. Syringas grow well on most soils except those which are too acidic. They grow best in full sun. more...



Acanthus

Acanthus (Bear's breeches)

Acanthus are perennials with large, elegant foliage and spikes of flowers borne from mid summer to early autumn. The flowers are in shades of pink and purple Acanthus grows well in any well-drained soil in full sun. more...



Aquilegia

Aquilegia (Columbine, Granny's bonnets)

Aquilegias are short lived perennials bearing usually bell-shaped, spurred flowers held above the foliage. Flowers come in colours of pink, white, blue, yellow, red and even purple-black. Flowers are borne from mid spring to early summer. Some var... more...


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Aster (Michaelmas daisy)

Asters are a large group of often autumn flowering perennials and annuals. The daisy-like flowers come in shades of blue, purple, pink and white. Many varieties are suitable as cut flowers. Asters will grow in any reasonable soil in full sun to li... more...



Aubretia

Aubretias are spreading rockery perennials grown for their spring flowers. Flowers come in colours of pink, mauve and white. All aubretias like a site in full sun on well-drained, limy soil. They are best if pruned back hard after flowering. more...



Centaurea

Centaurea (Knapweed, Perennial cornflower)

Centaureas are perennials with purple thistle-like flowers borne throughout summer. Grow centaureas in well-drained soil, even poor soil in full sun. more...


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Chrysanthemum

Chrysanthemum

Chrysanthemums can be divided into a number of types, which are often classified under separate genera.Florists Chrysanthemums Grown as cut flowers, these flower from late summer to late autumn (depending on variety). They can be of either large f... more...


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Cistus

Cistus (Rock rose, Sun rose)

Cistus are dwarf shrubs suitable for the rock garden. They bear single rose-like flowers in early summer in shades of pink, red and white. Cistus require a site in full sun on very well-drained soil. Add grit or vermiculite to the soil when planting. more...


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Cyclamen

Cyclamen

Cyclamen are small perennials which bear pink, red or white flowers. Hardy varieties are suitable for naturalising under trees and banks. Some types are commonly used as houseplants or in winter tubs and baskets. Cyclamen like a fertile soil in su... more...


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Cynara

Cynara (Globe artichoke)

Cynara is a type of thistle with strong, vigorous upright stems and large purple thistle-like flowers. The foliage is spiky and sometimes silver coloured. Grow cynaras in fertile soil in full sun. more...


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Dahlia

Dahlia

Dahlias are a vast group of annuals and perennials. Flowers come in virtually any colour except true blue and in a variety of different forms. Dwarf varieties are used as annual bedding, larger types are used in the perennial border or as dot plan... more...



Dianthus

Dianthus (Pink, Carnation, Sweet william)

The genus dianthus represents a number of types of plants including pinks, carnations and sweet williams. All are small plants, either perennial, biennial or annual with flat topped, pink or white flowers. Many varieties are suitable for a rock ga... more...


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Digitalis

Digitalis (Foxglove)

Foxgloves are biennials and short lived perennials bearing tall spikes of tube shaped flowers above a rosette of foliage. Flowers come in colours of pink, purple, red and white with spots on the throat. Digitalis requires a moist soil and shade to... more...


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Dodecatheon

Dodecatheon (Shooting stars)

Dodecatheon is a clump-like plant similar to a primula bearing flowers on upright stems. The flowers initially point downwards with their petals bent back, but then turn to face skyward after pollination giving the plant it's common name. Dodecath... more...



Hibiscus (Mallow, Tree hollyhock, )

Hibiscus in the wild are large shrubs bearing large trumpet shaped flowers in shades of pink, violet, red and white. Cultivated varieties may be more compact and are popular conservatory plants where flowers can reach over eight inches (40cm) in d... more...



Echinacea

Echinacea (Purple coneflower)

Echinacea are border perennials with medium sized, flat daisy like heads of flowers in colours of pink, red and white in summer. They are a commonly used plant in the current trend for 'prairie planting'. Echinacea like a site in full sun on a lig... more...



Erica

Erica (Heath)

Heaths are low growing bushy or spreading plants. They are tough plants originally from exposed mountain sides, hardy up to zones 5-8 depending on variety. Flowers are mostly in pinks or reds with occasional varieties in white. Flowering is mostl... more...



Geranium

Geranium (Crane's bill)

Note: this article is about the hardy perennial plant with the latin name Geranium and the common name crane's bill. Geranium is also the common name of a group of showy plants, grown as annuals, with the latin name [Pelargonium]. Geraniums are pe... more...