Fuchsia

Family: Onagraceae


Plant type Shrub
Height 18 inches to 5 feet
Spread 18 inches to 5 feet
Habit Trailing, bushy, upright
Foliage Deciduous
Growth rate Slow to moderate
Interests Flowers, foliage
Uses Borders, pots and tubs, baskets
Skill level Average
Maintenance Slight to moderate
Hardiness 8
Heat zone
Sun Part shade to shade
Moisture Dry to moist
Soil type Slightly acid to slightly lime
Soil fertility Moderate
Water consumption Moderate
Site Sheltered
Flower colour Blue, orange, pink, red, white
Flower season Late spring to early autumn
Flower size Small to medium
Foliage colour Multi-coloured, yellow variegated, white variegated
Fruit colour
Edible parts
Harvest time
Stems
Features
Wildlife
Texture Medium

Fuchsia is a large group of deciduous shrubs which flower over a long period from late spring to late summer, and may even continue flowering into winter if conditions are suitable. Flowers some in a wide range of colours from white through to pink, red and purple-blue.

There are many hundreds of varieties in cultivation, which includes hardy forms for the garden (up to zone 8), trailing and semi-trailing forms and upright varieties which can be trained as climbers. They can also be grown as standards or trained into various shapes.

Fuchsias will tolerate any soil which is not too wet or dry and are best grown in light shade, although they will usually cope with deep shade. In sun they are liable to scorch.

How to Grow


If planting hardy varieties outdoors it is best to plant with the crown an inch or two below soil level to protect the crowns from the worst frosts. Plants grown as standards are never hardy due to the growing point being above ground level.

Young plants will require pinching to encourage bushiness. Established plants should be cut back hard in spring.

Pests and Diseases


Common pests of fuchsias are aphid, whitefly and red spider. They are also susceptible to rust

Propagation


Hybrids do not come true from seed, but Fuchsias are easy to propagate from soft wood cuttings in spring.

Task Calendar

SeasonDetails
Mid-spring Prune hard before new growth starts

 

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