Chrysanthemum

Chrysanthemum leucanthemum

Family: Compositae


Plant type Annual, perennial
Height 18 inches to 3 feet
Spread 12 to 24 inches
Habit Bushy, upright
Foliage
Growth rate Moderate
Interests Flowers
Uses Borders, cut flower
Skill level Beginner to average
Maintenance Slight to moderate
Hardiness 5
Heat zone
Sun Full sun
Moisture Dry to moist
Soil type Slightly acid to slightly lime
Soil fertility Moderate to fertile
Water consumption Moderate
Site Sheltered to average
Flower colour Orange, pink, purple, red, white, yellow
Flower season Mid summer to late autumn
Flower size Medium to large
Foliage colour Green
Fruit colour
Edible parts
Harvest time
Stems
Features
Wildlife
Texture

Chrysanthemums can be divided into a number of types, which are often classified under separate genera.

Florists Chrysanthemums


Grown as cut flowers, these flower from late summer to late autumn (depending on variety). They can be of either large flowered 'bloom' type of multi-flowered 'spray' types.

They are grown from cuttings or plugs in the spring. After planting pinch the tips out when about 6-8 inches (15-20cm) high in order to get 3-5 stems per plant. Bloom types should be disbudded - remove all buds except the terminal one - in order to increase the size of the flowers.

Perennial Chrysanthemums


These plants grow 2-3 feet (70-100cm) high and bear flowers in shades of pink, red and white.

Pot Chrysanthemums


Also referred to as garden chrysanthemums these are specially bred for pot growing. The will form a dense bush of sturdy foliage about 18 inches (50cm) high and will be covered in flower from late-summer until the frosts.

Plant three plants to a 3 litre pot or 5 to a 5 litre pot. Modern varieties do not require pinching.

 

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Comments

karen ball - over 6 years ago Warning_button

I have so enjoyed my white bush chrysanthemums this summer and they have grown enormously. I would like to keep them for next year. Do I need to pot them for the winter and cut back? Need advice KAREN

solent - over 6 years ago Warning_button
If they're one of the hardy perennial types, then they can stay in the ground. The cut flower types are slightly hardy, so it will depend on where you live. Either way, yes, I would advise cutting back to 2-4 inches above soil level.

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